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"Chaika" GAZ-13 ("Чайка" ГАЗ-13)



 Manufacturer  GAZ (Gorky Automobile Plant)
 Model name

"Chaika" GAZ-13 ("Чайка" ГАЗ-13)

 Years of production 1959 - 1981
 Body style 4 door long wheelbase sedan, limusine (7 passenger), phaeton (6 passenger)
 Body style

4 × 2, rear-wheel drive


 GAZ-13, GAZ-13D, 8 cyl. 5.53 L. 195, 215 hp.

 Transmission 3-speed automatic
 Max speed  160 km/h.
 Fuel tank capacity 80 L
 Fuel consumption  21 L / 100 km.
 Dimensions 5600x2000x1620 mm.
 Cargo capacity 600 kg.
 Curb weight 2100 kg.













The Chaika GAZ M13, debuted in 1958. It was produced from 1959 to 1981, with 3,179 built in all. The M13 was powered by a 195-hp SAE gross 5.5 L V8 and driven through a push-button automatic transmission of a similar design to the Chrysler PowerFlite unit. It was offered as a saloon (GAZ 13), limousine (GAZ 13A), and four-door cabriolet (GAZ 13B) with an electrohydraulic top. The cabriolet was made in 1961 and 1962 for official parades.

“Chaika” wasn’t a random name for the car. It was intended to underline the special status of the vehicle. Before the GAZ-13 appeared in 1959, the Gorky Automobile Plant (GAZ) had already started production of Volga cars, named after one of Russia’s main rivers. Just as seagulls always fly over rivers, so would the GAZ-13 always be above the Volga car in terms of prestige, the car’s designers used to say.

In the same year, a few months later, the famous limousine, having an integral partition of the driver was released. These cars were produced, as a rule, only for individual orders and in accordance with the whims of the "first people" of the Soviet Union (it was concerning even of the interior design and color scheme). Limousines rolled off the assembly line in the amount of no more than 150 copies a year.


RAF in Riga produced the GAZ 13A Universal, an estate, in the 1960s in Riga; this was also built as the GAZ 13C ambulance, as well as a hearse. Produced for a few years in the 1960s, it is the lowest-volume Chaika variant. Small numbers were also built for Mosfilm. As a limousine-class car, Chaikas were available only to the Soviet government, and could not be purchased by average citizens. However, citizens were allowed to rent Chaikas for weddings.gaz13


Chaikas were used by Soviet ambassadors and Communist Party First Secretaries in East Germany, Korea, Bulgaria, Hungary, Mongolia, and Finland, among others; Fidel Castro was given one by General Secretary Nikita Khrushchev, who himself preferred the Chaika to his ZIL, and kept one at his summer dacha. He also presented one limousine version each to both King Sisavang Vatthana of Laos and Prime Minister, Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia on their visits to the Soviet Union.

For their larger size and more powerful V8, Chaikas were also ordered in some quantity by the KGB. Top speed was 99 mph (159 km/h). The GAZ 13 was discontinued in 1981

 (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)


© Tbilisi Automuseum. 2019


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